Ethical norms for authors

Authors of papers submitted for publication in Lingua Montenegrina shall retain the copyrights for their work. Papers that have been previously published or submitted for publication elsewhere may not be accepted. Where the paper submitted contains previously published materials, the author shall quote such content or mark it in another manner. Authors shall explicitly indicate the source of all the materials and ideas authored by others in their work, regardless of their format and whether such materials had previously been published or not.

Authors are required to observe the Law on Academic Integrity of Montenegro.

The authors guarantee that the paper submitted is original, written by the stated authors, as well as that the work does not infringe the rights of third persons.

Only those persons who contributed directly to the content of the paper may be listed as authors. If, in addition to authors, other persons have taken part in important aspects of the research project or study published, their contribution should be indicated in a separate note or footnote.

The authors also guarantee that they have the copyrights for the material submitted and that any necessary written permissions to use other sources have been duly obtained. The Editorial Board shall refuse to publish any paper failing to meet the above requirements.

If the research work is supported by a third party, the authors shall indicate the sources of financial support for the research conducted for the purposes of the submitted paper.

The authors also guarantee that, after publication in Lingua Montenegrina, the paper will not be published in another publication in any language without the publisher’s consent.

Authors shall be required to adhere to ethical standards related to scientific research.

The authors guarantee that the paper submitted does not contain unfounded or unlawful claims and that it does not violate the rights of others.

By submitting the paper for submission in Lingua Montenegrina, the authors grant the Editorial Board the right to revise, technically edit and abridge the material submitted.

The publisher shall not be liable for any claims for damages.

Paper content

The papers submitted shall contain sufficient details and references to enable all interested parties to verify the claims made therein.

Deliberate introduction of incorrect claims shall constitute a violation of ethical standards.

Views taken shall be accurate and objective.

Authors shall be responsible for the content of the submitted papers and shall, if requested, submit the consent of all persons or institutions directly involved in the research presented in the paper before publication.

Authors who wish to include in their work visual elements, tables, or other materials that have already been published elsewhere shall obtain the consent of the copyright holders. Material submitted without such evidence shall be considered the original work of the author of the paper.


Plagiarising, or taking over, other person’s statements, ideas, or other forms of creative expression, and representing them as one’s own is a severe violation of scientific and publishing ethics, and may include copyright infringement, which is punishable by law.

Authors are required to observe the Law on Academic Integrity of Montenegro.

Plagiarism includes the acts of:

  • literally or almost literally taking over or deliberately paraphrasing (in order to conceal plagiarism) parts of the text of other authors without marking the fragment taken over or clearly pointing to its source.
  • copying visual elements from other people’s works without properly citing the source and / or permission of the author or copyright holder.

Papers with clear indications of plagiarism shall be automatically rejected.

If it is found that the paper published in the journal has been plagiarised, it shall be retracted from the issue and the authors will be permanently banned from publishing in the journal.

Any individual or institution may submit information and evidence of violation of ethical standards to the Editorial Board.

Verification of information and evidence of violation of ethical standards

  • The Editorial Board shall decide to initiate a procedure aimed at verifying the information and evidence submitted.
  • During the procedure, the information and evidence provided shall be considered confidential material and shall only be made available to those directly involved in the procedure.
  • Persons suspected of violating ethical standards shall be given an opportunity to respond to such allegations.
  • If it is found that an irregularity has actually taken place, the Editorial Board shall decide on the severity of the violation.

Minor violations

Minor violations shall be dealt with in direct communication with the perpetrators, without the involvement of third parties, through:

  • a warning letter sent to the author or reviewer who has committed a minor violation;
  • a notification to the author or reviewer that there has been a minor violation resulting from a misunderstanding or misapplication of academic standards.

Severe violations of ethical standards

Decisions regarding severe violations shall be made by the Editor-in-Chief in collaboration with the Editorial Board and, if necessary, an expert panel.

Measures that can be taken:

  • publication of a statement on violation of ethical standards;
  • sending a formal notification to the institution where the author or reviewer is employed;
  • retraction of the paper published;
  • permanent ban on publication in the journal;
  • sending a formal warning to the competent authorities of violation of the ethical standards of the journal so that they can take appropriate legal action.

In resolving disputed situations, the Editorial Board shall be guided by the Law on Academic Integrity of Montenegro and the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics – COPE.

Retraction of papers published

In all cases of severe violation of ethical standards, the paper published shall be retracted.

In some cases, the paper published may also be withdrawn to rectify any errors subsequently identified.

The electronic version of the original article being retracted shall include an HTML link with a retraction notice. The retracted paper shall be kept in its original form, but with a watermark on each page indicating that the paper has been retracted (RETRACTED).


Copyright shall be transferred to the publisher from the moment the paper is accepted for publication.

All papers that have not been accepted for publication in the journal shall be copyrighted by their respective authors.

The following rights to the paper and all its elements are transferred to the publisher:

  • the right to reproduce and distribute the paper in hard copy;
  • the right to print proofs and special editions of the paper;
  • the right to reprint;
  • the right to translate the paper into other languages;
  • the right to reproduce the paper using photomechanical or similar means, including photocopying, and the right to distribute these copies;
  • the right to reproduce and distribute the paper electronically or optically using all data media or information media;
  • the right to keep the paper in databases, including online databases;
  • the right to make the paper available to the public in print, via online services, or via internal or external networks.

The journal shall allow the authors to upload a published electronic version of the paper in PDF format on personal websites (including profiles on social networks for scientists, such as,, etc.) or the website of their respective institutions, with a mandatory citation of the source of the paper (complete bibliographic data).